Who called “Hasten to do good”?

Who called “Hasten to do good”?

Dr. Haaz Fedor Petrovich (Haas Friedrich Joseph) lived in Russia in the epoch of feudal slavery under the rule of two kings: Alexander I and Nicholas I. He was born in a small German town, at twenty-two years received a doctorate in medicine, studied eye diseases at Viennese professor Adam Schmidt and came to Moscow at the invitation of Prince Repnin to work as a doctor. Friedrich Haaz hoped to return to Vienna several years later, but stayed in Russia until the end of his days …

German by birth, he perfectly mastered the languages ​​- Latin, Greek, French, but did not know a word in Russian. He was very talented and energetic, he never took a fee from the indigent, he acquired a huge practice in Moscow and quickly became rich. In 1806, he gratuitously and successfully treated eye patients in the Transfiguration Catherine’s hospice house, for which he was appointed empress chief physician of the Pavlovsk hospital and in 1808 was awarded the Vladimir Cross …

He was considered one of the most respected and wealthy doctors in Moscow, but The war with Napoleon destroyed everything.
Dr. Haaz joined the active army and reached Paris, and then went to his homeland in Germany. He had a great family, and she persuaded him to forget about the society with feudal bondage, but he did not listen to the advice and returned to the Moscow burned by the war. A year before the Decembrist uprising, in 1824, Dr. Haaz was appointed chief physician of Moscow prisons, and he was exposed to a terrible world of imprisonment and exile to penal servitude. He was shocked by the human suffering, experienced the strongest remorse and “ceased to live for himself” …

Haas will rebuild his prison hospital on the Vorobyovy Hills, will abolish the “rod” (the iron rod to which the exiled convicts were fastened to) and replace the heavy shackles light (“gaaz”), sheathed cloth or skin. He will open hospitals and schools for the children of convicts, buy out serfs, petition for clemency, review cases, will achieve the abolition of all-around shoe (for women). He will be called: “Holy Doctor” …

The doctor had special respect for Russian women, admiring the steadfastness of their spirit, a feat of unselfish love for the wives of the Decembrists who went to Siberia and subjected themselves to terrible privations. The charity of the “holy doctor” irritated the tsarist officials, and he was dismissed as chief physician of Moscow prisons, but he could not stop him doing good deeds while the heart of the ascetic was beating …

Russian writers and publicists differed in their attitude to Dr. Haas’s personality: A I. Herzen called him foolish and damaged, LN Tolstoy – philanthropist, NK Mikhailovsky – a man of great intelligence and education, turned into “one walking compassion”, IV Kireevsky and his brother P. V. Kireevsky – a man of beauty, great in his “reckless philanthropy,” F. M. Dostoevsky – a noble man, an ascetic of good and humanity: “… there are a lot of noble people on earth!” …

Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky heard a lot about ” holy doctor “- he himself spent four years in penal servitude in the Omsk prison after the replacement of the death sentence in the Petrashevites case on December 22, 1849., and the image of the philanthropist of philanthropy will be included in his novel “The Idiot”, in “Notes from the Dead House”, and in “Crime and Punishment” the two persistent young women, Sonia Marmeladova and Dunya, Rodion Raskolnikov’s sister, will become examples of morality, humanity and true beauty, “hurrying to do good” according to the testament of Dr. Haaz …

Fedor Petrovich will live in a small apartment at the Police Hospital (it was called “gaaz”), argue in the prison committee, seeking pardon or reconsideration of the case, every week with a “basket of everyone in the yachins “to escort the exiles from the Vorobyovy Gory to the Rogozhskaya outpost where Vladimirka started …

At the end of his life, Haaz bequeathed to publish his works,” Appeal to Women “and” Problems of Socrates “, to the philosopher Peter Yakovlevich Chaadayev, his friend and like-minded participant of the Patriotic War 1812, the Decembrist declared by the regime of Nicholas I to be insane for publishing in 1836 one of his “Philosophical Letters” criticizing serfdom and autocracy.
Chaadaev will survive the “holy doctor” for three years, his days will end one year after the death of Nicholas I, in 1856, but the “Appeal to the women” will be published, the other work of Haas, “Problems of Socrates”, will be lost …

“Saint doctor “appealed to the sensitive, sacrificial soul of a Russian woman, speaking of love and compassion:” Love and compassion live in everyone’s heart. Evil is the result of only blindness … “. As a testament to all of humanity sounded the words addressed to Russian women: “Hurry to do good.” Hasten, dear women, despise humiliation, insults and disrespect, hurry!

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