February 28, 1723, a man was born, without which the genius of Russian poetry would not have come into being Alexander Pushkin. He was called a Leo, he received his patronymic Aleksandrovich, and the last name was Pushkin. Unfortunately, he did not live to see the birth of his famous grandson, dying 9 years before this joyous event. Maybe that is why we know so little about him – the great-grandfather of genius on mother – the arap of Peter the Great is much more famous. It is all the more pleasant to remove this gap …
So, Lev Alexandrovich was the son of the younger brother in the family of Peter Petrovich Pushkin – Alexander and from the young nails, as was customary in the Russian nobility, was enlisted as an officer in the artillery regiment. However, for the liveliness of the character, emotionality and love for binges, he was drawn more to the hussars. But his grandfather did not want to hear about this: we are Pushkin, and our art is fired from guns.
However, the times then were vague. After the death of Peter the Great on the Russian throne, there was a commotion. Peter’s daughter Elizabeth, who ruled the country, looked for the heir to the throne and chose his nephew Petra, who was also the grandson of two irreconcilable enemies – Peter the Great and Charles XII. However, as is often the case, the apple has gone too far from both one and the other apple trees. He was a little-developed man and was noted in history only by two things: a decree on the liberty of a nobleman on February 18, 1762, and his marriage to a Prussian princess, who in Ekateriny called Ekaterina.
His reign was very short: from December 25, 1761 to June 28, 1762, when the guardsmen on bayonets brought to power Catherine II. But this officer’s riot split the army in two. In particular, Major Lev Alexandrovich Pushkin categorically refused to swear allegiance to the infirm and others spoke up to remain faithful to Peter, for which he was imprisoned for two years in the fortress. So, at least, Alexander Pushkin considered himself.
But you know, there are people who know the history much better than the immediate participants in the events. In particular, more than two centuries after the events described, in 1988 the Soviet historian R. Ovchinnikov offered his version. He obtained documents from which it follows that “Major Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin in 1761 asked to resign due to illness. As the doctors certified, Major Lev Pushkin “has a disease that we call: malum hipochondrikum kum-material, and because of this he has vomiting, abdominal stinging, back pain and blind pochechuy, which can adventure melkoliya hipochondriac, for which the disease , in our opinion, it can not be in any service “”.
Of course, I do not understand the cum-mothers in all these halum chypochondriacum more than the hare in geometry, but this is not so important to us now. Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, who searched all his conscious life for documents that made it possible to shed light on the fate of his grandfather, perhaps not enough of himself – studying the works of Marx and the system of dialectical materialism with which R. Ovchinnikov was armed. But whether there was a imprisonment or not, the main thing is that Major Lev Pushkin was sent into retirement.
By the time his psyche was somewhat undermined. First, he became even more irritable, and, secondly, stopped considering women as people.
It showed itself very soon. As you know, some of the men wear a head decorated with invisible but spreading horns. He did not escape this fate, once having caught his wife in “obzhimansah” with a Frenchman, a former tutor and teacher of his sons. The verdict of Lev Alexandrovich was harsh, but fair: the Frenchman, who may not have tasted all the charms of communicating with another’s wife, was hanged in a black courtyard for edification to others, and the wife was thrown into a home prison where she was kept so severely that she soon died on the straw.
And the second wife suffered from him more than enough.In particular, when she was about to give birth, a wayward husband ordered her to dress and be in five minutes in the courtyard. They go to visit some distant relatives. All the objections of the nurse (the wife did not dare and say two words against the will of her husband) had the same effect on the Lion, like a flash on the Sun on the inhabitants of the stable.
The only thing that Leo allowed, when the wife began to give birth directly during the trip, so it gave an order to the coachman to stop the coach. So in this carriage the father of the future genius – Sergey Lvovich was born.
There is one more interesting detail – for some time the names of the children
By the way, Lev Pushkin himself died at the age of 67; in the metric book of the Trinity Church in 1790 there is the following entry: “Umrah, in the Christian post of October, 24 days of artillery lieutenant-colonel Lev Aleksandrovich Pushkin, to whom he was 67 years old, and was buried 26 in the Donskoy monastery.”
Memories of his grandfather were published after the death of A. Pushkin , in 1840. The poet’s father, Sergey Lvovich, was enraged when he read in his “The Coven of the Fatherland” in 1840 his stories about family legends.
But there is nothing special about this – it is pleasant for anyone in the eyes of acquaintances and strangers to be a son of a murderer!
By the way, Pushkin knew family legends not only about Lev Alexandrovich, but also about his father, his great-grandfather Alexandra Petrovich, who “in a fit of jealousy or madness cut his wife, who was in childbirth.” According to the researcher, “the murderer was arrested, but lived shortly thereafter; died in imprisonment in the same year 1725. The mother of Aleksandra Petrovich, Fedosya Yurievna, was struck by the fallow; consequently, the heredity of her sons could be unfavorable … “
But in our task, the trial in the family tree of Pushkin is not yet included. From all this history we can draw one conclusion: whatever unexpected turns fate has been preparing for us – all this is part of the picture that leads to some specific goal. Well, do not find the Lion his first wife with a Frenchman, then it would hardly be the second wife. Accordingly, there was no Sergei Lvovich, the father of the poet.
So we have to live by the principle: if something happens to us, it means that somebody needs …