Greetings to all, dear readers!
Immediately make a reservation that for dog breeders with experience, my article will seem naive, containing well-known truths. But remember the time when you first had a little four-legged friend. How many questions that now seem ridiculous and clear have risen in front of you! One of such problems is the basis of education, dog training. The best option, of course, is to seek the help of professional dog handlers, enroll with a dog for courses or take individual lessons. However, this will require funds, and, often, considerable. Or, perhaps, transportation will be necessary for trips of the “pupil” to the “dog” school, because not always such a school is nearby, and not every dog can ride a bus or subway.
So, I want to share my experience with those who personally want to teach their pupils the basics of the science of dog obedience, in other words, master the basics, some of the most important commands of the general training course. Let’s start with the main thing – when to start? Opinions differ on this score. Even suggested not to injure the dog’s psyche for up to a year. Only here is how to convince such a one-year-old, grown up without any prohibitions, shaggy Mitrofanushka, that it’s time to learn and obey? It is best to start lessons when the dog is 5-6 months old. Prior to this, education should be of an indirect, concomitant nature. So, for example, the command “Sitting” is one of the first, it is completely acquired and it is executed already in three months. However, if this fixation does not happen – do not worry. Lessons will begin – knowledge will also come.
For classes you will need: collar, leash, delicacy (small pieces of cheese, boiled sausage, meat, crackers) and a playground. This should be a place where no one can interfere with you, and you, in turn, will not disturb anyone, and no danger will threaten the dog. So, for example, you can not conduct classes near the roadway, if the territory, of course, is not fenced. 3-4 hours before classes, the dog must be fed. Encourage, that is, to praise and give a treat, should be every time the team is properly executed. The commands are given in a voice, clearly, loudly, but not without a shout. Duplicated by gestures. Subsequently, teams must be executed either by voice order or by gesture.
The command “To me!”. The right arm is stretched at shoulder level and sharply lowered to the thigh. The dog should run up and sit at the left foot of the trainer, not more than 50 cm from him. If the dog immediately does not want to approach, you can make a couple of steps in the direction away from him. At the beginning of the development of this team, privacy is especially important. And then what is “To me!” When everyone is running and playing. Immediately after proper execution, stroke the dog, say “Okay, to me!”. Give a treat. Just do not take immediately to the leash and do not take away from the walk. Otherwise, “To me!” Will be associated with the unpleasant, and performed accordingly. Repeat several times to just praise, give a treat and let go of playing and running again. Ideal – the dog on the first team (verbal or gesture) fits, goes around behind the trainer and sits at the left foot.
Team “Walk!”. She is accompanied by a gesture: the right hand is freely thrown forward. Unfasten the leash, hold the dog by the collar with your left hand. Give the command in a voice and gesture, and release the dog. Let him run. Periodically call the disciple, take the collar, hold it slightly and repeat the command. In principle, one of the most beloved teams is performed “with a bang.”
The “Sit!” Command. Gesture – hand bent at the elbow with a palm forward. Having given command, slightly press the left hand to the dog on the croup, as though forcing it to sit down. With your right hand, pull the leash upwards. Sel – “Well done, sit, it’s good!” Gladim. We give out a treat. As a rule, this lesson is learned very quickly and easily. Gradually, the team gives everything from a longer distance.The ideal result – the dog sits on a separate (voice or gesture) team, being at a distance of 10-15 meters from you.
The “Stand” command. Gesture – the right arm is extended forward, the palm is turned upwards and keeps at shoulder level. We help the dog to understand what is required of it, at first we support it under the belly. Then he will start on his own.
The command “To lie!”. Gesture – the right hand is thrown forward from the shoulder, and drops the palm down. After filing a command, press one hand against the dog’s withers, as if pressing it to the ground, and the other hold a treat, in front of the learner’s nose, but low. After reaching for the “yummy”, the dog will lie down. You can sit down in front of the dog and slightly pull it by the front paws. When the command “Lie!” Is executed, the dog should not fall to one side. With good performance – encouragement: “Well, lie down.” Well, and a treat, of course. Ideal – the dog lays down on command at a distance of 10-15 meters from the trainer.
The “Near” command. Gesture – Cotton with your left hand on your thigh. The dog should go in one with the trainer’s pace, so that her shoulder touches the left leg of the person. Before working off this command, give the dog a proper frolic, spend extra energy. While walking next on a leash, all attempts to go faster, slower, deviate to the side and the like should be stopped by a sharp “Nearby” and the subsequent jerk of the leash. Praise a good dog walking alongside, treat her, without stopping the movement. When the dog walks quietly side by side on a leash for distances of at least 50 meters – remove the leash. And – all over again, only without a lead.
The Voice command. It’s the easiest way to master it. Observe what a dog likes to poke – on a toy, on some sound … Command. Then give the stimulus, and, having achieved the result, immediately remove this object and begin to praise: “Well, voice, good!” Gradually, the “student” will understand – to bark at the command, and not because they showed something that on his look, worthy barking.
And, finally, team “Fu!” Very important team. This word the puppy hears from infancy. Well, if the corresponding skill is fixed by itself. If you do not – if you try to chase after a cat, pick up nasty things from the ground, try to find out the relationship with your fellow tribesmen – you should follow a loud sharp “Fu!”, Leap of a leash, maybe a kick with a whip (not a leash, the dog should not have unpleasant associations ). Let this painful feeling – but the unquestioning, instantaneous execution of the command “Fu!” Will save the quadruple friend from so many troubles and troubles. However, do not overdo it, the whole world can not be “Fu!”.