Many, probably, know the truth: it is always easier to prevent an ailment than to treat a sick person. A cow often suffers from limb in winter, mainly because of untimely hoof trimming and trimming of a grown hoof horn. In cattle for a month the horn wall of the hoof grows by 6-8 mm. In the pasture period when walking an animal, it is erased and the shape of the hoof is broken. In winter, when movement is limited, the horn grows excessively and the hoof deforms, taking in the neglected cases an ugly form that is difficult to correct. Over time, the overgrown horn splits, breaks, often damaging the soft tissues of the hoof. The case in such cases is complicated most often by purulent inflammation and then the animal is very limp.
To reduce the burden on the diseased leg, the cow changes its posture, causing an uneven distribution of body weight to the leg joints. She cautiously or with difficulty moves around, feels depressed, eats worse, lounges. Her milk yield decreases by a quarter, and sometimes the cow stops giving milk at all. That’s why it is necessary to at least 2 times a year to clear hoofs, cutting off an overgrown ungulate horn.
The hoofs of the front legs of a cow are usually 2 persons. The cow is fixed with a short tie to the trough, the assistant holds the leg bent in the joints, and the operator after the hygienic toilet clears the hoof and cuts off the grown horn. If skin damage is detected, they are treated with tincture of iodine or pure birch tar. Hoofs of the hind legs are more convenient and safer to handle in an animal that is securely fixed in a lying position.
The methods described in the literature for the culling of cattle are not always available, require at least 3 people and are often accompanied by an animal trauma. Clearing and pruning of hoofs in special machines is also not the best option for personal subsidiary farming. I will acquaint myself with the method I developed for the cull of cattle, which was recognized as an invention (author’s certificate No. 540633), which all interested owners of home farms will be able to use. With this can handle and one person.
It takes 5-6 meters of rope with a diameter of 12-15 mm. We tie one end of the front leg (just above the hoof) from the side where the animal will fall. After this, make a full turn around the cow’s body and draw an end for the hind leg on the same joint on the same side. The operator, located on the opposite side of the pile, takes up the free end and pulls the rope so that the cow lifts the front leg, behind which the rope is tied. You can also help yourself by lightly striking the front leg in the harness area.
The cow remains standing on 3 legs. Then gradually tighten the rope more strongly, we force the cow to press and the back foot, around which the rope is wrapped, thereby depriving it of support and forcing the animal to lie down on its own. The animal lies not on its side, but on its stomach, maintaining coordination, as a result, the result is achieved – avoid injuries. After all this, we do not release the rope, but fix it on the back way joint. It is more convenient to lie down directly in a stall with a soft litter.
Everything, the cow is ready for processing. We pick up and process all four legs of the animal. Next, freeing the cow, just untie the rope from both legs and move aside – the cow will stand up when she is comfortable, although it can be helped, slightly pulling up the tail, because the cow rises backwards. This way can be used not only for hoof processing, but also for the transportation of cattle. The posture in which the animal comes after the collapse is the least traumatic and most natural.