“They brought sheep specifically for wool, but for some reason, we cut very little of it!” – this exclamation is often heard from pastoralists amateurs. You can help them.
Products made of sheep wool are warm, light, the body in them “breathes”. From time immemorial the sheep wear a man. Most of all wool is obtained from sheep fine-wool breeds – Askanian, Soviet Merino, Altaic, Caucasian. When buying lambs it is worth taking care of the right choice of the breed. In the conditions of the middle belt of Russia, the best is the “merino wool” of Soviet merino and Altai sheep. For a year they cut 5-6 kilograms of wool, while sheep coarse-wool breeds give only 1.5-2 kilograms. From sheep and valuhov cut more, with queens less.
Wool productivity is laid in animals even in the womb of the mother. On the skin of a lamb there are wool – special horn-like skin formations. However, at the time of the birth of the lamb they do not have time to fully develop, many of them continue to grow after the appearance of the baby. Therefore, the sucking uterus lays in the body the future woolly productivity of the young, so we must try to ensure that the uterus does not lack nutrients.
Therefore, it is advisable not to buy ready-made lambs, but to get the uterus and male, and from them to get the “right” lambs. The lamb will develop normally if a sucking uterus weighing 60 kilograms is fed per day approximately 1 kilogram of hay, 0.5 kilograms of spring straw, 2.5-3 kilograms of juicy feed (potatoes, beets, rutabaga), 200-300 grams of concentrates. Sheep must necessarily be cooked salt (preferably in the form of lime) and chalk – in a separate feeder. The daily norm of hay and straw is divided into two feedings. The most part is set for the night, the smaller – in the morning. On the growth and quality of the wool, young grass, bean hay, carrots, beets, turnip, radish and radish are good.
And do not think that the uterus is just a machine for producing lambs. The animal needs a certain amount of physical activity. Walking, and even with benefit – on the pasture with a young fresh grass will be invaluable service – the uterus will never suffer from diarrhea, and consequently, the lambs in the womb will not suffer from a lack of nutrients.
Lambs in the suckling period usually get enough food through the milk, but from the age of two or three weeks they are already accustomed to fertilizing – 50-100 grams. Concentrates (preferably oatmeal or a mixture of oatmeal and oil cake). With scanty lamb feeding the wool stops growing until the food comes back to normal. So, saving on the lamb, the owners knowingly doomed themselves to losing their wool.
The conditions of adult sheep also affect the quality and quantity of wool. Thus, interruptions in feeding greatly reduce its quality. In this case, the wool grows unevenly, bald patches appear. In these places, the wool as it breaks and the sheep loses it. We need to follow the room. It must be clean, light, dry, without drafts.
The wool of fine-fleeced and semi-fine-grained sheep breeds is especially appreciated. From her knitted products are smooth, elegant. They shear these sheep once a year – in the spring. These sheep do not shed, but in the spring often their hair is dry and stiff. This coat is difficult to cut, so wait for some time, while in the rune accumulates a sufficient amount of fat and the coat will become soft and elastic. The coarse-wooled and half-grubby sheep are sheared, in addition, also in the fall, and Romanov’s sheepskins-fur coats – three times a year: in March, early June and September.
Feeding and breeding methods may vary slightly depending on the location of the home farm in latitude. The main thing is to keep an eye on the “chicken carrying golden eggs” and then no change in behavior will escape your attention. How to do it? You just have to treat your animals as family members.