Easter is approaching, in Ukraine – Velikonod, which means that a variety of colors and stickers for Easter eggs appear on the market, and the prices for eggs themselves increase dramatically. Art shops offer a variety of colors, glitters, contours, rhinestones and other materials that, if you have a certain imagination, you can apply for decorating eggs. But what eggs were decorated with the Easter tables of our great-grandmothers?
Krashenki – from the word to paint. This is the most common way of preparing Easter eggs – both today and in antiquity. It is these – monochromatic – eggs used for food, they were played by children … Today, eggs are often painted with food colors – conveniently, quickly, brightly. Only here somehow … soulless. In the old days, natural dyes such as onion husks, juices of plants, fruits and vegetables were used (beet juice was very popular), birch leaves, soot … Sometimes eggs were wrapped in dry leaves, bandaged with colorful threads and cooked. It turned out quite interesting “marble” eggs.
– from the word “to stain,” that is, to cover with drops. Krapanka can be called the simplest form of pysanka, for the technique of making them is somewhat intimate. First, the egg is colored in one color, then when it dries and cools, drops of hot wax are applied to it. A wax droplet can also be pulled with a toothpick or hairpin “tail” – you get a pretty funny petal. Once the wax has cooled, the egg is put in a cold solution of a different color. After drying the paint, the egg is lowered into hot water. The wax melts, and a very funny egg comes out. Again – in modern conditions, you can use not wax, but pieces of scotch that does not let water pass. Plus, the use of scotch is that you can cut out not only circles, but practically everything, which will be enough for fantasy.
Malyavanki – (from “to paint” – to draw) eggs painted with colors – watercolor, acrylic or special paints for eggs. An important rule – paint should be still hot eggs, so that the paint does not spread, and dries out faster. In modern conditions, you can use special stained-glass contours – they too will give the paint “crawl”. And very young children can be offered to paint eggs with felt-tip pens – to ancient traditions this will have a very remote relationship, but the kids will be happy …
Dryapanka (drapanka) – from “scratching” – scratching. Another name – skryabanki. Brown eggs were usually used for drapanka, since their shells are stronger than those of whites. First the eggs were boiled, then painted in some color darker, dried. Pattern is applied to the shell with a sharp object – a knife, an awl, scissors, a thick needle or any metal rod.
Pisankies are skillfully painted Easter eggs. Ukrainian pysanka – real works of folk art. In the drawings on pysanka use elements of flora and fauna, geometric shapes. Each region of Ukraine had its own characteristic ornament and color. In Prykarpattya, the eggs were painted in yellow, red and black, in Chernigov – in red, black and white, in Poltava – in yellow, light green and white. These eggs have never been eaten – they were used as gifts and as amulets. For the Easter eggs, clean raw eggs were taken at room temperature, degreased, and parts of the ornament were applied with hot wax, which were supposed to remain white. Then the pysachets were dipped into a light paint – usually yellow. On the withered surface waxed an ornament that was supposed to be yellow. And so on – until the darkest paint. Then the eggs were placed in a not very hot oven. The wax melted, and the pysanka was ready. You could remove the wax and the candle. To pysanka shone, it was greased with rasten fat. From personal experience, I note – the procedure is very long, requiring maximum attention and concentration. But calms down better than all advertised drugs together. And the result can be rightfully proud.
There are more rare, but no less interesting techniques. So, in the manufacture of beads-biscuits covered with wax or paraffin shells abundantly spread out the smallest beads. In addition, beads can be glued with glue or strung on a thread, which then wrap the egg. “ Proriznaya pysanka ” – this is when a whole-cut shell is cut from an integral shell. In the east of Ukraine today, the so-called “monastery pysanka” is being revived, which is decorated with lace. Another type is an embroidered egg, which is embroidered exactly like napkins, tablecloths and towels – only here is the egg shell material.
Of course, it’s simpler and quicker to put the egg in food coloring, and then stick a bright nakalechku bought from the nearest supermarket on top. But is it not more interesting to gather all family with children on the eve of a bright holiday and all together remember the traditions of our ancestors?